William Ithell

William Ithell

William James Ithell ble født i Hawarden 7. februar 1916. Han begynte i Bolton Wanderers i 1936, men spilte faktisk ikke for førstelaget.

15. mars 1939 beordret Adolf Hitler den tyske hæren til å invadere Tsjekkoslovakia. Det virket som om krig var uunngåelig. 8. april spilte Bolton Wanderers hjemmekamp mot Sunderland. Før kampen startet, snakket lagkapteinen Harry Goslin til publikum: "Vi står overfor en nasjonal nødssituasjon. Men denne faren kan møtes hvis alle holder hodet kaldt og vet hva de skal gjøre. Dette er noe du kan ikke overlate til den andre mannen, alle har en andel å gjøre. "

Av de 35 spillerne i staben til Bolton Wanderers sluttet 32 ​​seg til de væpnede tjenestene og de tre andre gikk inn i kullgruver og ammunisjon. Dette inkluderte Harry Hubbick, som gjenopptok karrieren ned i gropene og Jack Atkinson og George Hunt tjenestegjorde i det lokale politiet. Totalt 17 spillere, inkludert Billy Ithell, Harry Goslin, Danny Winter, Albert Geldard, Tommy Sinclair, Don Howe, Ray Westwood, Ernie Forrest, Jackie Roberts, Jack Hurst og Stan Hanson, sluttet seg til 53. (Bolton) feltregiment.

Under andre verdenskrig så det 53. (Bolton) feltregimentet aksjon i Dunkerque (mai 1940), El Alamein (1942) og invasjonen av Italia (september 1943).

I mai 1946 ble Ithell overført til Swindon Town. I midten ble han spilt i 107 kamper for klubben mellom 1946-49.

William Ithell døde i 1986.


Sir William Ramsay

Sir William Mitchell Ramsay ble født i 1851 og døde i 1939. Han skrev godt over tjue bøker, og var ganske lærd. Han hadde akademiske stillinger i Edinburgh, ved forskjellige høyskoler i Oxford og i Aberdeen. Blant professoratene hans hadde han stillingen som Regius professor i humanitet i Aberdeen. Vet du hvordan du blir Regius -professoren? Du blir utnevnt av regenten - enten av kongen eller dronningen. Dette er den beste akademiske stillingen som ble holdt for de strålende sinnene, inkludert Sir William Ramsay. Han var en arkeolog. På sin tid var han den fremste autoriteten i Lilleasia. Han var også en nytestamentlig forsker uten jevnaldrende.

Ramsay ble født i et hus av advokater. Tre generasjoner av fremstående advokater kom foran ham. Senere ville han bruke ferdighetene til grundig etterforskning og grundig tolkning på arbeidet hans - ikke som advokat, men som historiker.

Han ble utdannet ved Aberdeen, stedet der han endte opp som professor. Der skilte han seg ut fra og over klassekameratene. Som en student hadde han en klar følelse av sitt kall til stipend. Han viet seg til oppdagelseslivet. Han mottok et treårig stipend fra Exeter College i Cambridge for å forske på beliggenhet i greske land rett etter at han tok sin bachelorgrad, og det satte ham på karriereveien.

I akademiske kretser ble den rådende tanken på dagen angående Det nye testamente, inkludert forfatterskap av bøkene i Det nye testamentet, dominert av arbeidet til Ferdinand Christian Baur. Skolen hans ble kalt Tübingen skole for tanke og tolkning. Ramsay falt først inn i denne gruppen, som mente at de fleste av Paulus ’brev ikke var skrevet av Paulus - kanskje bare fire ble skrevet av Paulus. De trodde at det meste av Det nye testamente kom mye senere, en gang i andre halvdel av det andre århundre. Disse akademikerne trodde spesielt Apostlenes gjerninger ble skrevet mye senere, de var veldig mistenksom overfor Apostlenes gjerninger.

I en av Ramsays bøker, som først og fremst handler om Pauls reiser slik de er nedtegnet i Apostlenes gjerninger, skriver Ramsay: “Jeg kan rimelig påstå at jeg har begynt på denne undersøkelsen uten noen fordommer til fordel for konklusjonen som jeg nå skal prøve å begrunne for å leseren. Tvert imot begynte jeg med et sinn som var ugunstig for det, for oppfinnsomheten og tilsynelatende fullstendigheten til Tübingen -teorien hadde på en gang ganske overbevist meg. ” Tübingen-teorien hadde overbevist Ramsay om at Acts var en komposisjon fra det andre århundre, og etter egen innrømmelse stolte han aldri på Apostlenes gjerninger for å gi ham noen pålitelig rapport eller bevis.

Men etter årevis med å ha undersøkt hver eneste detalj, om å finne steder nevnt i Apostlenes gjerninger og se på alle myndighetene, kom Ramsay til den motsatte konklusjonen. Han kom til den konklusjonen at Luke ikke bare var en stor historiker, men at Luke var "blant historikerne i første rang". Ramsay sa at den første og viktige egenskapen til den store historikeren er sannheten det han sier må være pålitelig. Og han fant Luke som en av de mest, hvis ikke de mest pålitelige historikere i den antikke verden. Ramsey fant at Lukas beretninger som er nedtegnet i både evangeliet og i oppfølgeren til evangeliet, Apostlenes gjerninger, er pålitelige og sanne. For sin innsats ble Sir William Ramsay riddet - selv om han snudde hele det akademiske vitenskapelige samfunnet på hodet da han gikk over fra det høyere kritiske synet på Det nye testamente til å godta dets sannhet. Blant hans mange bøker er St. Paul den reisende og romersk statsborger. Der kan du finne opptakene hans og alle konklusjonene i hans oppdagelsesliv som forsker.


CAPTAIN WILLIAM E. MITCHELL AV KATHRYN MITCHELL BUSTER

Kaptein William E. Mitchell, Jr. ble født i eller i nærheten av Kilmarnock, Skottland 24. juni 1825, sønn av William E. og Mary Izott Mitchell. William, Sr. ble antatt å ha vært en vever i eller rundt Paisley, Skottland.

Kaptein Mitchells søsken var Alexander, Agnes, Jean, James og muligens til og med Henry og en søster, Helen, som kan ha dødd som barn.

I 1826, da William bare var ett år gammel, immigrerte familien hans til Middletown, CT, hvor faren var vever med ansvar for Russell & amp Company Weaving Mill i Middletown. Faren var også veldig aktiv i Middletown Anti-Slavery Society, som ble grunnlagt på 1830-tallet.

Unge William ble utdannet ved DH Chases privatskole i Middletown. Deretter tjente han som korporal i Connecticut State Militia i 1846. I 1849 la han ut på en seks år lang odyssé på jakt etter gull, og seilte fra New York City til California via Cape Horn. Det antas at han ikke lyktes, for i 1852 reiste han videre for å lete etter gull i Maldon, Australia. Etter et seks års fravær kom William tilbake til Middletown og tok en avstikker på vei hjem for å besøke familie i Skottland.

Da William kom tilbake til USA, fant han et land som var kontroversielt om slaveri og den nylig vedtatte Kansas-Nebraska-loven som ga nybyggere i disse to områdene "folkelig suverenitet" til å bestemme selv om de ville gå inn i unionen som frie eller slavestater. På den tiden ble Connecticut-Kansas Colony dannet i New Haven, CT, og rekrutterte folk til å bosette seg i Kansas Territory for å sikre fremtiden som en fri stat. Med sin avskaffelsesoppdragelse og tilsynelatende villlyst var William ivrig etter å bli med dem.

Connecticut-Kansas eller New Haven Colony blir også referert til som Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony. Den store avskaffelsespredikanten Henry Ward Beecher ledet i opphissende taler et oppdrag for å forsyne et Sharps -rifle, dagens mest moderne våpen, til hvert medlem av kolonien som immigrerte til Kansas -territoriet. Han så også at det ble gitt en bibel til hver mann. Og med det begynte dagens aviser å omtale gruppen som Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony, og riflene som Beecher’s Bibles.

Da kolonien forlot Connecticut inkluderte medlemmene deres femti-syv menn, fire kvinner og to barn. De reiste med båt til New York, og med tog til St. Louis via Buffalo, Cleveland og Terre Haute. I St. Louis gikk de ombord på dampskipet ‘Clara’ for Kansas City.

Charles Lines, selskapets valgte leder, førte dagbok over fremdriften i form av brev sendt til østlige aviser. De ble trykt og sirkulert mye slik at hele landet var klar over koloniens erfaringer i Kansas.

Da de ankom Kansas City kjøpte de forsyninger og utstyrte seg med lag med okser, og startet deretter i grupper for Lawrence, og ankom det mellom 12. og 16. april. G.W. Brown, redaktør for Herald of Freedom, skrev om deres ankomst: "De er et solid, resolutt, frihetselskende sett med stipendiater, og vi ønsker at deres varmeste forventninger til livet i Vesten blir fullt ut realisert."

På kvelden den 15. ble det holdt et velkomstmøte av byens ledere. Taler ble holdt og vennskap gjenopptatt og innledet, og selskapet ble invitert til å slutte seg til fristaten (i løpet av uker ble ledere av fri stat arrestert for forræderi og kolonimedlemmet Dr. Joseph Pomeroy Root ble valgt til styreleder i Kansas State Central Committee ). Kolonistene lovet å komme til hjelp for Lawrence hvis de ble kalt.

På kvelden den 18. sluttet selskapet seg til innbyggerne i Lawrence og ønsket velkommen senator Reeder og fristatsguvernør Robinson i spisesalen på det uferdige Free State Hotel. Eks-guvernør Reeder og Robinson hadde vært borte da byen feiret koloniens ankomst. Pro-slaveri-styrker ville ødelegge Free State Hotel under avskjeden av Lawrence måneden etter.

Etter å ha utforsket andre mulige steder, ankom hele selskapet til Wabaunsee 28. april og begynte å gjøre det til et hjem, og deres første tilfluktsrom var utgravninger eller telt. Charles Lines foreslo at de alle jobber sammen for å bygge en stor felles bolig fra den knappe tilførselen av bomullstrær som vokser på en nærliggende øy i Kansas (Kaw) River. Mitchell erklærte at han ikke ville ha noe av det, og bygde seg en liten tømmerhytte tre mil øst for Wabaunsee.

I følge selskapsprotokollen, 14. mai, sa “Mr. Lines innkalte til et møte og leste en sending fra Topeka “Dear Sir, nyheter har nettopp kommet om at oberstene Holliday, Dickey og guvernør Robinson nå er fanger sammen med Missourians og at våre venner i Lawrence mangler hjelp. Håper dere alle kommer til en mann og tar med alle reservearmene dere har - kom umiddelbart til Topeka, og der vil vi utarbeide den beste driftsplanen. ”

For å øke hastigheten på denne oppfordringen om hjelp, var kolonimedlemmet Amos Cottrell forsinket med å returnere fra Kansas City med mye last, så de bestemte seg for å sende Mr. Mitchell, Dr. Root og Mr. Nesbitt for å finne Cottrell og finne ut hva foregikk i Lawrence, og rapportere så tidlig som mulig. Etter komiteens avgang stemte selskapet for å organisere et militært selskap som de kalte "Prairie Guards". Den fraværende William Mitchell ble valgt til deres kaptein. De ble registrert som Company H. for Free Kansas Militia. William Mitchell ble adressert som kaptein for resten av livet.

Trioen fant Cottrell trygg på Topeka, og Mitchell og Root fortsatte til Lawrence for å vurdere situasjonen der. Etter å ha gjort det, var de på vei tilbake til Wabaunsee på California Road da de ble avfyrt da de nærmet seg en hytte okkupert av Lecompton Riflemen under kommando av kaptein John Donaldson. De ble arrestert uten anklager, og ble ført til Dr. Stringfellow leir (sannsynligvis Fort Titus) dagen etter. Sara Robinson dokumenterer hendelsen som en lovløs handling i sin bok, Kansas: Det er interiør og eksteriør. Østlige aviser, inkludert New York Times, rapporterte Mitchell og Roots dødsfall i hendene på grensefolk. På den sjette dagen i fangenskapet, 21. mai, ble de marsjert innen to mil fra Lawrence, hvor de var vitne til at David Rice Atchison talte til de forsamlede pro-slaveristyrkene før de ble avskjediget av Lawrence. Dr. Root, som var dyktig i stenografi, registrerte Atchisons ord for ettertiden:

"Gjennomfør de høye og strålende resolusjonene som har brakt [deg] hit til punkt og prikke - resoluttene fra hele Sørlandet og den nåværende administrasjonen, det vil si å bære krigen inn i hjertet av landet, aldri å slappe av eller stopp til hver gnist av fri-stat, ytringsfrihet, fri-niger eller fri i noen form er slukket ut av Kansas! ”

Fangene ble løslatt da bombingen av Free State Hotel begynte. Mitchell og Root kom tilbake til Wabaunsee dagen etter.

30. juni ble Mitchell og to andre valgt til å representere selskapet på Free State Convention som ble innkalt til Topeka 3. juli. Dr. Root var der i rollen som leder av Free State Executive Committee. Root og Mitchell var til stede da samlingen ble spredt av føderale tropper dagen etter.

Senere samme sommer ble Wabaunsee Prairie Guards kalt til å delta i høstkampanjen. De var borte i seks uker og deltok i en rekke trefninger mot slaveri-styrker under kommando av Jim Lane og andre. De bemannet brystverk på Mount Oread og ble kreditert for å ha reddet dagen da det "største og best organiserte bandet som noen gang hadde invadert territoriet" ble samlet i Franklin og forberedte seg på å angripe Lawrence. Kjent for veteraner fra grensekrigen som "Battle of the 2,700" 14. september, og betraktet som "en av de mest kritiske situasjonene i krigen", skjedde det da de fleste fristatsstyrker var borte i slaget ved Hickory Point nær Valley Faller. "Wabaunsee Boys", med Sharps -riflene sine, bodde i Lawrence fordi flere av dem var syke. Ved å huske dagen beskrev kolonist J.M. Hubbard scenen:

"Midt i spenningen og forvirringen over situasjonen dukket gamle John Brown opp på scenen og fortsatte med å gi råd og instruere med all kulheten til en bonde som gikk på kveldsoppgavene sine."

"Hele kroppen av grense -Ruffians var i leiren i Franklin. De ble sett komme på hovedveien inn i Lawrence, tok Beecher Rifle Company en posisjon omtrent en halv mil ut av byen i en kløft, og da søylen kom i skuddavstand åpnet guttene våre ild mot dem. De snudde snart tilbake og kom seg utenfor rekkevidden til Sharps -riflene. Det var Wabaunsee-guttene og de alene som snudde kroppen igjen i dobbelt-rask tid. »Heldigvis for Lawrence reiste den nyutnevnte territorialguvernøren Geary om natten fra Lecompton til Franklin og klarte å overbevise slaveriprogrammene å stå ned, og den forventede kampen skjedde ikke.

Etter morens død i Middletown i 1858 inviterte kaptein Mitchell faren og hans ugifte søster Agnes til å bo hos ham. Det var i løpet av denne tiden at kaptein Mitchell var aktiv som "konduktør" og "stasjonsmester" på Underground Railroad, og gjemte frihetssøkere på loftet til tømmerhytta hans.

Som svar på ødeleggelsen av Lawrence ledet av den konfødererte geriljalederen William Quantrill 21. august 1863, satte guvernør Carney staten på krigsfot og ba alle arbeidsføre om å organisere seg i militselskaper. Prairie -vaktene hadde oppløst da territoriet oppnådde statskap i 1861. Wabaunsee -mennene møttes 12. september på rådhuset og dannet kompani C, fra det fjortende regimentet. William Mitchell ble valgt til andre løytnant, men ble senere utnevnt til en stab.

Som George S. Burt senere husket, “Vi begynte å bore, siden nesten alle hadde en hest, og noen av festene var virkelig latterlige. Vi holdt ganske mange møter før alle de friske mennene sto i kø. Vi møttes for å trene hver lørdag ettermiddag, gjennom de vanlige kavalerimanøvrene. Kaptein Noyes hadde vært i tre måneders tjeneste i begynnelsen av krigen i 1861, så han kjente noen av dem. Vi fortsatte å øve utover høsten og utover vinteren, ettersom folk ikke stresset med arbeidet, og det var ingen innvendinger mot de som ikke hadde hester som skulle se på.

Da våren åpnet, møttes vi ikke veldig ofte, og vi hadde begynt å tro at det ikke ville bli noen oppfordring til militsen, men på en gang, i juli 1864, kom det en oppringning en søndag morgen til kapteinen for å få alle ledige menn som hadde en hest, og fortsett til Fort Riley med en gang. Indianerne hadde angrepet et vogntog nær den store svingen av Arkansas -elven, drept noen av sjåførene og stjålet varer, storfe og hester, og hadde rømt inn i åsene nordøst for Fort Larned. "

"I Junction City fikk vi selskap av Pottawatomie og Riley County -selskapene, også Zeandale -selskapet, med Perry McDonald som kaptein. J. M. Limbocker var kaptein for Riley fylkesselskap. Her ble vi alle satt under kommando av kaptein Henry Booth, fra selskap L, ellevte Kansas kavaleri, som skulle vestover etter indianerne. "

De marsjerte så langt vest som Trego County og var borte hjemmefra omtrent tre uker. De engasjerte aldri noen fiendtlige indianere.

Kaptein Mitchells far døde i 1864 og blir gravlagt på Wabaunsee kirkegård. Agnes Mitchell ble værende etter farens død for å beholde huset til broren til han giftet seg i 1868 i Cleveland, Ohio, med Mary Ann Chamberlain (som opprinnelig også var fra Middletown, CT). I løpet av samme tid (1868-69) tjente kaptein Mitchell som statslovgiver og hjalp til med å skrive lov i Kansas.

Mitchells hadde fire barn i de første årene. Alexander C. (Chamberlain?) Ble født i 1869, H. (Henry?) Raymond i 1872, William Izott i 1873 og Maude Josephine i 1875.

Før ekteskapet utvidet kaptein Mitchell, ved å bruke tømmerhytta som kjerne, huset til en mer egnet for en brud fra øst. Etter hvert som familien vokste, vokste huset. (På grunn av sin historie som en veistasjon i Underground Railroad, er huset nå en Freedoms Frontier National Heritage Area -partner og et autentisert nettsted i National Park Service's Network to Freedom -programmet til minne om Underground Railroad).

Familien bodde i huset og dyrket til 1881 da kaptein Mitchell fant en leder for gården og flyttet familien til Wabaunsee. De neste 14 årene drev han og sønnene en dagligvarebutikk i Wabaunsee, som også fungerte som det amerikanske postkontoret og depotet for Santa Fe Railroad. I 1895 kom de av familien som fortsatt var hjemme, tilbake til gården, hvor kaptein Mitchell bodde og drev oppdrett til han døde i 1903. Han blir gravlagt på Wabaunsee kirkegård. I 1953 testamenterte sønnen Will en del av Mitchell -gården til folket i Kansas for å bli en offentlig park til minne om faren og Beecher Bible and Rifle Colony. Eiendommen er nå kjent som Mount Mitchell Heritage Prairie Park.


MOSTYN -familien til Mostyn Hall, Flintshire

Ifølge Historien om familien Mostyn av Mostyn, 1925, samlet av den tredje baronen Mostyn og T. Allen Glenn, landet som den nåværende Mostyn Hall står på 'ble anskaffet for omtrent fem århundrer siden ved ekteskapet med IEUAN FYCHAN (død 1457), av Pengwern, Llangollen (og Tre Castell , Anglesey), med ANGHARAD datter og arving til HYWEL (eller Howel), sønn av TUDUR AP ITHEL FYCHAN, og ifølge NLW MS. 1557, enke etter Edward Stanley. ' Hvor lenge dette landet hadde tilhørt Hywels forfedre vet ikke forfatterne, men de antar at det utgjorde en del av territoriet til Hywels forfader, Edwin av Tegeingl (se under Owain ab Edwin). I 1301 hyllet ITHEL FYCHAN prins Edward, som jarl av Chester, for sine eiendommer i Flintshire. 'Hywel og hans etterkommere holdt for det meste herredømmet over Mostyn til Sir Roger Mostyn (nedenfor) i 1631 sikret besittelse av det for alltid.' Eiendommen Pengwern (Denbighshire), fødestedet til Ieuan Fychan, var det opprinnelige hjemmet til denne familien som den siden har blitt fremmedgjort. Gloddaeth, Caernarfonshire, kom til familien kort tid før 1460 gjennom ekteskapet til HYWEL AP IEUAN FYCHAN (fra Mostyn og Pengwern) med Margaret, arving til Madog Gloddaeth (høy lensmann i Caernarvonshire, 1325/6), og som vi vil se, Bodysgallen, i Caernarvonshire, var også et Mostyn -hus.

Fullstendige detaljer om de tidligere generasjonene er gitt i Historie. Ieuan, fjerde sønn av Iorwerth Ddu (fra Pengwern -familien), gikk inn i kirken og ble som John Trevor II valgt til biskop av S. Asaph, 1395.

IEUAN FYCHAN AP IEUAN AB ADDA (fra Pengwern og Mostyn) ektemannen til Angharad, var ifølge bard Guto'r Glyn (se Phillipps MS. 2160 i Cardiff Public Library se også NLW MS. 3027, dvs. Mostyn MS . 96), en bard og en harpist på mors side var han andre fetter til Edmund, jarl av Richmond, og Jasper Tudor, jarl av Pembroke. I 1415 var han en esquire i følge av Thomas Fitzalan, jarl av Arundel og Surrey og herre av Chirk. Ieuans sønn, HYWEL AP IEUAN, fulgte formuen til huset til Lancaster, hans frender, Jasper Tudor, søkte tilflukt på Mostyn i 1464. Hywels kone var Margaret, datter og arving etter Gloddaeth.

Sønnen deres, RICHARD AP HYWEL, arvet Gloddaeth og Tre'r Garnedd til høyre for moren. Han ledet på den første Caerwys eisteddfod (1523) med ham Sir William Griffith og Sir Roger Salusbury (fra Lleweni), og de ble assistert av styrene Gruffydd ap Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan og Tudur Aled. Thomas Pennant, (Hist. fra Whiteford. …) beskrev et besøk til Mostyn av Henry of Richmond (Henry VII). Richard ap Hywel, som kjempet for Henry på Bosworth og en stund før hans død var oppriktig rektor i Whitford, Flintshire, døde på Mostyn 7. februar 1539/40.

Richard ap Hywel, av kona Catherine, datter av Thomas Salusbury, den eldste av Lleweni, var far til Thomas (Mostyn), Hugh (død ung), Peter (Peyrs, Piers), stamfar til Mostyn -familien i Talacre, og fire døtre, hvorav Janet ble kona til Gruffydd ap Ieuan ap Llywelyn Fychan.

THOMAS MOSTYN (død 1558),

eldste sønn av Richard ap Hywel, var den første som ble kjent av det som senere ble familiens etternavn (se N.L.W. MS. 1560). I likhet med sine forfedre var Thomas Mostyn skytshelgen (Pen. MS. 100 Cardiff MS. 64).

Hans eldste sønn, WILLIAM MOSTYN, tjenestegjorde under William Herbert, jarl av Pembroke, på tidspunktet for Wyatts opprør. Han ble returnert til parlamentet for Flintshire 2. mars 1553/4, og igjen i november samme år (1554). Han var høy lensmann i Flintshire tre ganger og i Caernarvonshire (1566-7). Mai 1572 ble han igjen returnert som parlamentsmedlem for Flintshire, og han var medlemmet da han døde i 1576. Han var en av kommissærene som ble oppkalt av dronning Elizabeth for å ha den andre Caerwys eisteddfod (1568) i den kommisjonen den er satt til frem at 'William Mostyn esquior og hans auncestors har fått giften og tildelingen av Sylver -harpen til Cheff ved den fakulteten.' Han døde 19. september 1576.

Hans eldste sønn av hans første kone (Margaret, datter av Robert Powel fra Whittington) var THOMAS MOSTYN (1535? - 1618), deretter Sir Thomas Mostyn. Han ble utnevnt til Anglesey (to ganger), Flintshire (to ganger) og Caernarvonshire (en gang), han var også Custos Rotulorum fra Caernarvonshire. For ytterligere detaljer om karrieren hans (han var f.eks. Medlem av Council of the Marches, 1603-18) se Historie … og Kalender for Wynn (av Gwydir) papirerosv. Han antas å ha gjort omfattende tillegg til Gloddaeth, det er kjent at han samlet et stort bibliotek.

Sir Thomas Mostyns arving var hans andre sønn, Sir ROGER MOSTYN (1559/60 - 1642). Han ble utdannet ved Oxford (matrikulert fra Brasenose College 8. mai 1584) og Lincoln's Inn (1588). Han var lensmann i Anglesey, 1589-90, Flintshire, 1608-9, 1626-7, parlamentsmedlem for Flintshire, 1621-2, og ble adlet 23. mai 1606. Sir Roger giftet seg, 1596/7, Mary (1581-1653 ), eldste datter av Sir John Wynn fra Gwydir. Han figurerer derfor noe fremtredende i Calendar of Wynn Papers -se for eksempel rollen han spilte i striden mellom svigerfar og biskop William Morgan, oversetteren av Bibelen til walisisk, om Llanrwst-leieavtalene. Det ser også ut til at han har vært den mest fremtredende av stedfortreder-løytnantene i Flintshire og tjenestegjorde på det kontoret i en tid da hyppige forespørsler og ordre kom til fylket fra Lord President of the Marches. Han døde 18. august 1642. Hans eldste sønn, Thomas Mostyn (ca. 1598 - 1641), døde i 1641. Blant de andre sønnene til Sir Roger Mostyn var William Mostyn, erke -diakon i Bangor, og Richard Mostyn (død 1627), soldat, som så mye service i Irland, de lave landene, etc.

Sir THOMAS MOSTYN (død 1641),

hvem det er detaljer om Historie og i Calendar of Wynn Papers, giftet seg med (1623) Elizabeth, datter av Sir James Whitelock, sjefsjef i Chester, og bodde etter ekteskapet i Cilcain, Flintshire, og tilbrakte også mye av sin tid i London.

Hans eldste sønn var Sir ROGER MOSTYN (1623/4 - 1690), ridder og baronett. Selv om han bare var 19 år gammel da borgerkrigen brøt ut, ble han snart kaptein, og i løpet av få måneder oberst i de royalistiske styrkene. Charles I utnevnte ham også til guvernør i Flint slott og by. I de neste årene er hans personlige historie blandet med hans aktiviteter som royalistoffiser - for detaljer se Historie J. R. Phillips, Borgerkrig i Wales Calendar of Wynn Papers Hvitelås, Minnesmerker og Henry Taylor, 'The Flintshire Militia, med en kort biografi om Sir Roger Mostyn … sin første oberst', i Jnl. av Chester Archaeol. og Hist. Soc., 1891. Barnebarnet hans estimerte at tapene hans under borgerkrigen utgjorde ca 16600000. Han var nært knyttet til innsatsen for å gjenopprette monarkiet. I 1660 ble han utnevnt til en av de kvalifiserte til å bli ridder av Royal Oak, opprettet en baronett (3. august 1660) og ble stedfortreder-løytnant for Flintshire. Hertugen av Beaufort, under hans 'Progress' i 1684 som Lord President of Wales, ble underholdt av Sir Roger på Mostyn og tilbrakte torsdag, 24. juli 'i å se landene og forskjellige verk og Machines of the Lead & amp Colemines tilhørende Sir Roger Mostyn. … '(Thomas Dineley, Beaufort -fremskritt, hvor det er skisser av Mostyn Hall og av en av 'maskinene'). I 1687 fikk dronning Mary (av Modena), kona til James II, mannen sin til å gi S. Winifreds kapell, Holywell, til henne dronningen skrev til Sir Roger og ba ham om å ordne for hennes ønsker i saken. utført. Sir Roger døde på Mostyn, 4. oktober 1690. Han hadde giftet seg med (1), ca. Juli 1642, Prudence, datter av Sir Martin Lumley, (2) Mary, eldste datter av Thomas, viscount Bulkeley, fra Baron Hill, Anglesey, og (3), Lumley, eldste datter av George Coetmor av Coetmor.

Hans arving, sir THOMAS MOSTYN (1651 - 1700?), Sønnen av sin andre kone, gikk til Christ Church, Oxford (matrikulert 15. mai 1667). Som skytshelgen for kunst, samlet han mange av bøkene på bibliotekene på Gloddaeth og Mostyn. Han var viseløytnant for Caernarvonshire fra ca. 1673, lensmann i det fylket 1689, i Anglesey 1691-2, og ble returnert til parlamentet for Caernarvonshire (1673, februar 1678/9, august 1679 og 1681). I 1689 ble han utnevnt til en av kommisjonærene for skatter for Flintshire. Han giftet seg med Bridget, datter av D'Arcy Savage, fra Leighton, Cheshire, av hvem han hadde syv sønner og fire døtre blant sønnene var Roger, hans etterfølger, Thomas, parlamentsmedlem for Flint, og John, utdannet i Westminster og Christ Church, Oxford. Sir Thomas var på veldig vennlige vilkår med William Lloyd, biskop av S. Asaph (1627 - 1717), en av de "syv biskopene", som han konsulterte om opplæring av barna sine. Dikt skrevet til ham av walisiske bards er bevart i Mostyn MS. 96. Han har blitt beskrevet som 'en stor samler av walisisk MSS. og mye tilbøyelig til walisisk slektsforskning. '

Sir Thomas Mostyns arving var Sir ROGER MOSTYN (1673 - 1734), 3. baronett. Han ble utdannet ved Jesus College, Oxford (matrikulering 10. februar 1689/90). Han ble parlamentsmedlem for Flintshire, 1701, og ble returnert for fylket og for Flint Boroughs i 1702, men ble valgt til å sitte for Chester i det parlamentet. I det neste parlamentet (1705-8) ble han returnert for Flints, og satt i det fylket til 1734 (unntatt i 1713 da han satt i bydelene). Hans aktive parlamentariske karriere - han var en Tory - er beskrevet i familien Historie. Han giftet seg med 1703 med fru Essex Finch, datter av Daniel, jarl av Winchilsea, av hvem han hadde seks sønner og seks døtre. Blant sønnene var Thomas Mostyn, arvingen, John Mostyn, som ble general i den britiske hæren, og Savage Mostyn, som ble viseadmiral for den blå og marinekontroller og en av Lords of Admiralty: for karriere for general og viseadmiral se Historie og D.N.B. Han ble konstabel i Flint slott i 1702. George Farquahars skuespill, The Constant Couple, er dedikert til ham. Han døde 5. mai 1734.

Den fjerde baronetten, Sir THOMAS MOSTYN (1704 - 1758),

sønn av den tredje baronetten og damen Essex Finch, var, som bestefaren, mye hengiven til litteratur. Før han giftet seg med Sarah, datter av Robert Western, London, hadde han reist mye i Europa, og var borte fra oktober 1723 til mai 1728. Av kona hadde han fire sønner og fem døtre en av døtrene, Anne, ble (i 1777 ) kona til Thomas Pennant, naturforskeren og reisende. Han ble returnert til parlamentet for Flintshire i 1734, 1747 og 1754. Han samlet bøker og MSS. Han døde 24. mars 1758.

Sønnen hans, Sir ROGER MOSTYN (1734 - 1796), 5. bart., Ble født 13. november 1734. Han fulgte sin far i representasjonen av fylket i parlamentet og fortsatte å sitte til han døde. Han ble også herreløytnant i fylket og var en av visepresidentene for Welsh Charity School, London. Den femte baronetten giftet seg (12. mai 1766) med Margaret, datter av pastor Hugh Wynn, fra Bodysgallen og Berth-ddu, av kona Catherine, søster til William Vaughan fra Corsygedol, Meironnydd og arving etter Robert Wynn, Bodysgallen. Blant problemet med ekteskapet var (1) Elizabeth, som giftet seg 11. februar 1794 med sir Edward Pryce Lloyd, bart. av Pengwern, Flintshire og Bodfach, Montgomeryshire, som den nåværende baronen Mostyn stammer fra, (2) Thomas Mostyn, arvingen, og (3) Anna Maria, som ble kona (1802) til sir Robert Williames Vaughan, bart. , fra Nannau, Meironnydd.

Sir Roger var også interessert i litteraturen og historien til Wales Noen eksempler på poesien til de eldgamle walisiske bardene av Evan Evans (Ieuan Fardd) er dedikert til ham. Han døde 26. juli 1796

Sir THOMAS MOSTYN (1776 - 1831), 6. bart.,

fortsatte familietradisjonen med hensyn til representasjonen av Flintshire i parlamentet. Han var lensmann i Caernarvonshire, 1798, og i Merioneth 1799. Han var også kjent som en sportsmann. Han døde, ugift, 17. april 1831, og baroneten ble utryddet, godsene gikk, som forklart nedenfor, over til Sir Edward Pryce Lloyd (1768 - 1854) som ble opprettet baron Mostyn, 10. september 1831.

Forfedrene til Lloyd -familien er gitt i arbeider om likestilling av Burke, Debrett, etc. De hadde i århundrer blitt assosiert med Flintshire, Denbighshire, etc. Sir EDWARD LLOYD (1710? - 1795), 1. bart., Sekretær for krig , ble opprettet en baronett 29. august 1778, med resten til nevøen Bell Lloyd, som imidlertid døde 6. mai 1793, dvs. i sin onkels levetid. Da Sir Edward døde, gikk tittelen og godsene over til hans oldebarn, sir EDWARD PRYCE LLOYD (1768 - 1854), 2. bart., Sønn av Bell Lloyd fra Pontruffydd (1725 - 1793), hvis andre sønn, også Bell Lloyd (fra Crogen, Meironnydd), var en opplyst jordbruker. Den andre baronetten giftet seg med, 1794, Elizabeth, 3. datter av Sir Roger Mostyn, 5. bart., Og søster og medarving til Sir Thomas Mostyn, 6. bart., Som, som vist ovenfor, døde ugift 17. april 1831, godsene passing to her husband, Sir EDWARD PRYCE LLOYD, who, on 10 September of the same year, was created 1st baron Mostyn of Mostyn. All the Mostyn estates, including Corsygedol in Merioneth, thus passed to the 1st baron Mostyn and this explains why among the Mostyn MSS., which came to N.L.W. in 1918, there are volumes which were formerly associated with Gloddaeth, Corsygedol, Nannau, and other North Wales houses.

The 1st baron Mostyn died 3 April 1854 and was succeeded by his eldest son, EDWARD LLOYD (1795 - 1884), 2nd baron Mostyn, lord lieutenant of Merionethshire. The second baron had assumed, in 1831, the additional surname of Mostyn.


113 CODRINGTON V ITHELL

William Codrington of St Gregory's, London v Thomas Ithell of Kingswood, co. Wiltshire, clothier

Abstrakt

The cause of the quarrel between Codrington and Ithell remains unknown, but sentence was awarded against Ithell and his submission was performed on Friday 9 June 1637 in the hall of Henry Ven's house in Wotton-under-Edge, co. Gloucester, before Robert Smith of Wotton, Thomas Webb, and others invited by Codrington.

Submission

R.19, fo. 31r, Submission

'An order of submission enjoyned by the right worshipful Sir Henry Martyn knight lieutenant to the right honourable Tho., Earl of Arundell and Surrey, Earle Marshall of England unto Tho. Ithell of Kingswood, co. Wiltshire, clothier.

Thomas Ithell, at the house of Henry Ven in Wooton under Edge in com. Gloucester, shall upon Friday the ninth day of June next between ten and twelve of the clock in the fore noone in the hall of the house, before Robert Smith of Wooton, Thomas Webb, John and c. and such other company as shall be brought or sent by William Codrington, standing bareheaded, say and read or pronounce the words following:

Whereas I Tho. Ithell stand convicted and by my owne confession made in the Court of Honor and Chivalry in a cause there depending betweene William Codrington of St Gregorye's London and myself and c.'

'The sentence was accordingly performed, by Ithell, and soe it is certified at the end of the order.'

Signed by Arundel and Surrey.

Merknader

On 7 September 1639 William Codrington of St Gregory's, London, citizen and draper, aged 34, married Mary, daughter of William Haselfoot of St John Zachary, London, gent, a spinster, aged 19.

J. L. Chester and G. J. Armytage (eds.), Allegations for Marriage Licences issued by the Bishop of London, 1611-1828 (Publications of the Harleian Society, 26, 1887), vol. 2, s. 245.


The Sinking of Ostfriesland

As noted by Martin Caidin in Air Force—A Pictorial History of American Airpower, until air power was introduced during World War I, the army and navy were responsible for the nation's defense, and each unit knew what was expected of them. Caidin wrote, "The rise of aviation vastly complicated this defense situation, and touched off a fierce battle between the two services regarding authority and service capabilities."

Home from the war in 1919, Mitchell was named the assistant chief of the Army Air Service in Washington D.C. He argued that air power could threaten the nation's security. Mitchell led a group of AEF fliers who campaigned for a separate air force, similar to the British Royal Air Force. Their request was denied in 1920. Caidin noted, "The Army and Navy held fast to their concept that airplanes could never play anything but a subordinate role in war to the Army, the infantry was the Queen of battle, and to the Navy, the battleship reigned supreme." Mitchell changed his strategy. Davis wrote, "He talked more of defending the United States from attack, and less of building an offensive force for the future."

Mitchell was allowed to do some experiments and, as a result, Glines stated, "Mitchell became more determined that the nation's money should be spent on aircraft and not expensive battleships. He stepped on the egos of the ground generals and the battleship admirals." Antagonizing many military leaders, but getting a great deal of press coverage, Mitchell was given permission to sink obsolete warships at sea to prove his air power theories were true. In June and July of 1921, the experiments took place. Davis wrote, "The program would open with the bombing of a submarine, working upward through a destroyer and a cruiser to a battleship, the allegedly unsinkable Ostfriesland. "

On July 21, 1921, off the Virginia coast, the Ostfriesland took several direct hits, and sank in 212 minutes. Mitchell biographer Davis wrote, "To some, the bubbling and gushing of air from the sinking Ostfriesland seemed like great sobs." Mitchell also sank the USS Alabama, and in 1923, off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, the USS Virginia og USS New Jersey. Americans followed Mitchell's every move, fascinated by his air power ideas and watching mighty battleships sink. Despite the "success" of the experiments, the country's defense budget was being scaled back and building airplanes was not really considered an option. No organizational changes were made.


William Ithell - History

General William Mitchell AP-114

William Lendrum Mitchell, born in 1879 in Nice, France, enlisted in the Army as a private in 1898 and served in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. After return to the United States, he led in the precarious construction of a telegraph network in Alaska, and then pioneered in U.S. Army aviation. He rapidly rose in rank, and, when he commanded the U.S. air forces in France in World War I, he was promoted Brigadier General. After the war, General "Billy" Mitchell was made Director of Military Aviation in the U.S. Army and argued violently for a large, independent air force. His caustic-public criticism of military and naval leaders led to his court-martial in 1926. After resignation, General Mitchell remained a bitter critic of Army and government policy. He died in 1936.

(AP-114, dp. 11,450 (It.), 622'7", b. 76'6", dr. 25'6" s. 20.6 k cpl. 452 trp. 5,289 a. 4 5", 16 1.1", 20 20mm. cl. General John Pope, T. P2 S2-R2)

General William Mitchell (AP-114) was launched 31 October 1943 under a Maritime Commission contract by the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Co.,Kearny, N.J. sponsored by Mrs. William Mitchell, the namesake's widow, acquired 15 January 1944 and commissioned 4 days later, Captain Henry Coyle, USCG, in command.

From 3 March-20 August 1944 General William Mitchell made five round trip transport voyages out of Norfolk and New York to Casablanca and Liverpool, carrying fighting men to the North African theater and participating in the buildup prior to the Allied invasion of Northern France On the return leg of these frequent voyages, she carried casualties and rotation troops home to the United States, insuring a steady flow of men and equipment between America and war-torn Europe.

During the autumn of 1944 and through the spring of 1945, General William Mitchell called twice at Bombay, India, as she redeployed and rotated troops in the China Burma-India theater. On the first of these voyages she sailed from New York via Panama and Australia, putting in at Bombay 7 October and embarking veterans for passage to Australia and America, and finally mooring at San Diego 17 November 1944. Her second passage to India took her from San Pedro via Tasmania to embark Allied troops and Italian prisoners of war at Bombay she subsequently off-loaded the POW's at Melbourne and returned to San Pedro 3 March 1945.

The ship then brought troops from San Francisco to Espiritu Santo, Guadalcanal, Manus, and Leyte as the European war neared conclusion and the Pacific theater gained priority, General William Mitchell sailed to Leghorn and Naples, Italy, to transport seasoned fighting men and redeploy them for the anticipated assault on Japan's homeland. These troops debarked at Ulithi and the Philippines in the summer of 1945, and the ship returned to San Francisco 6 December 1945 at war's end filled with homeward-bound warriors.

As part of the "Magic-Carpet" fleet, this busy transport carried bluejackets from San Francisco to the Philippines returning servicemen from Hollandia to Seattle, and troops from the Philippines and Guam to San Francisco, through the spring of 1946. Subsequently, from April 1946 until 1949 General Mitchell sailed from West Coast ports and shuttled troops and supplies to and from Japan, China, Guam, and Hawaii. She underwent alterations for peacetime service at the Philadelphia Navy Yard in March 1947 and then returned to San Francisco and her transpacific schedule.

In October 1949 she was transferred to MSTS and in 1950 continued her West Coast-Orient travels. In that year, too, two round trip voyages from New Orleans and New York were made to Bremerhaven to rotate and supply troops in Europe. She made an around-the-world cruise out of New York in the summer of 1951, visiting Germany, North Africa, Ceylon, IndoChina, Korea, and Japan before mooring at San Francisco 26 September 1951.

General William Mitchell continued to transport men and material from West Coast ports to Japan and Korea, supporting the United Nations forces in the latter country. Her frequent shuttle runs followed this pattern with the addition of numerous calls at Formosa and Pacific Islands until returned to the Maritime Administration 1 December 1966. General William Mitchell entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet and is berthed in Suisan Bay, Calif.


Pierce Family

Galfred Percy>William Percy>Alan Percy>William Percy>William Percy>Agnes Percy>Henry Percy>William Percy>Henry Percy>Henry Percy>Henry Percy>Henry Percy>Henry Percy>Henry Percy>Henry Percy>Ralph Percy>Peter Percy was born 1447 (Standard bearer to Richard the Third at the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485)>Richard Percy (founded Pearce Hall in York, England, where he lived and died)>Richard Percy. It is thought that the spelling of the name changed to Pearce at this point. Richard had two sons:

  • Richard Pearce was born 1590 and married in England to Martha. He resided in Bristol, England, and came to America in the ship “Lyons” from that place.
  • Capt. William Pearce was born 1595 was master of the ship “Lyons”.

Richard Pearce was born 1615 and married Susannah Wright daughter of George Wright was born 1620. Their children:

Richard Pearce married Experience

Martha Pearce was born 1645 and married Mahershallalhashboz Dyer (1643-1670) He was the son of William and Catharine Dyer.

John Pearce was born 1647 and married Mary Tallman

Giles Pearce was born 1651 and married Elizabeth Hall in 1776 daughter of William Hall was born 1613 and Mary Thomas was born 1604. Their children:

Jeremiah Pearce was born 1678 and married Abigail Long was born 1682 daughter of Phillip and Hannah Pearce. Their children:

Giles Pearce was born 1701 d: 1763 and married 1724 to Comfort Nichols (1701-1777)

Phillip Pearce was born 1703 and married Frances Nichols

Elizabeth Pearce married William Sweet

Susannah Pearce was born 1708 and married John Olin

Jeremiah Pearce married Frances

John Pearce married Elizabeth Weaver

Susannah Pearce married George Brownell son of Thomas and Ann Brownell. They had the following children:

  • Susanna Brownell was born 1676 and married John Reed
  • Sarah Brownell was born 1681
  • Mary Brownell was born1683 and married William Hall
  • Martha Brownell was born 1686 and married Samuel Forman
  • Thomas Brownell was born 1688
  • Joseph Brownell was born 1690 and married Ruth Cornell
  • Wait Brownell was born 1693 and married Joshua Sandford
  • Stephen Brownell was born 1695 and married Martha Earle

Mary Pearce was born 1654 and married Thomas Brownell, Jr. brother to George Brownell.

  • Thomas Brownell was born 1679
  • John Brownell was born 1682
  • George Brownell was born 1685
  • Jeremiah Brownell was born 1689
  • Mary Brownelll was born 1692
  • Charles Brownell was born 1694
  • Thomas Brownell was born 1732

John Pearce and married Mary and Mrs. Rebecca Wheeler

Richard Pearce published what was thought to be the first almanac in America in 1639.

From Seven Pierce Families collected by Harvey Cushman Pierce 1936, Wash. D.C.

More information on the Brownell family in Pownal, Vermont

Dear Ms. Strouse, I congratulate you in concern to your WebSite. Your site is informative as well as creative. I am writing to thank you for the information you posted in concern to the Pierce Family history. My name is George Desaulniers and I am a member of the Winthrop Historical Commission and the Winthrop Improvement and Historical Association. I have been researching Captain William Pierce for approximately seven years. The commission is presently in the process of erecting a historical sign in front of a historical landmark called the” Deane Winthrop House”. This sign will, in part, involved Captain William Pierce’s history. The “Deane Winthrop House” was built between 1637 and 1650. The association which has preserved and maintained the house is called “The Winthrop Improvement and Historical Association.” The association believes the original portion of the house house was built by Captain William Pierce. The material you posted on your Web page agrees with the material I have researched. It might be interesting for anyone researching Captain William Pierce to be aware that this house exist. This house is situated on the original land, granted to Captain William Pierce in 1637. Winthrop is a small town less than two square miles situated at the mouth of Boston Harbor. Captain William Pierce also had a house in Boston which once stood near the Old State House on what is now Pierce Alley. I have many more details in concern to Captain William Pierce. I would like to share the information I have as well as receive more information. I have maps and pictures that might be of interest to anyone pursuing this fascinating Mariner. You can reach me at: George Desaulniers Congratulations again on your website.

A great deal has transpired since I last sent you this e-mail. The Winthrop Historical Commission is in the process of erecting a historical sign in front of the Deane Winthrop House. The sign acknowledges both European and African American history associated with the house. The Winthrop Improvement and Historical Association, an organization dedicated to preserving the Deane Winthrop House is opposed to the sign. The sign has been made and its future lies in the hands of the selectman. The sign reads as follows:

EARLY COLONIAL PURITAN SLAVE PLANTATION

Captain William Pierce, renowned mariner and early Puritan slave trader was allotted this land in 1637. Governor John Winthrop was granted the adjoining plantation, which included most of Winthrop Beach and Point Shirley. He kept Native American slaves on the nearby Governors Island, which is now, part of Logan Airport. In his journal dated February 26, 1638, Winthrop wrote that Pierce returned from the West Indies on the Salem ship Desire “and brought some cotton, and tobacco, and Negroes, etc”. Later both Capt. Pierce and Gov. Winthrop’s plantations were acquired by Governor Winthrop’s son Deanne, who also used slave labor. Slavery was essential to the economy in this era. “Marrear”, “Primas”, and a child named “Robbin” were slaves of African decent whose names appeared in Deane Winthrop’s Will of 1702. It is assumed that these slaves were interred in a nearby “Negro Burying Ground” not far from the northerly end of Winthrop Street.

The controversy surrounding the resistance of the sign by the Winthrop Improvement and Historical Association made the headlines in local paper,the page of the Boston Globe, NPR radio and the 5 PM news. The following documents and newspaper articles may help you further understand the controversy.

There is a great deal more information available if you are interested. The Pierce family’s support of the sign would be welcomed.

George Desaulniers
106 Bowdoin Street
Winthrop MA 02152

Came to Massachusetts in 1635 — Kirk D. Ransom from the La Mance book, Chapter XXIV

The Pierce Family
Line of Sanford and Mary King-Pierce

Mary, the third daughter of Samuel and Deborah Greene-King, [Mary 6 , Deborah 5 , James 4 , John 3 , James 2 , John 1 ] married Sanford Pierce 6 , the son of Olive Greene-Pierce5, [Samuel 6 , Olive 5 , Ebenezer 4 , Ebenezer 3 , John 2 , John 1 ]. The Greene-Pierce descent of both has been traced , also the La Valley-King descent of Mary. The Pierce family also has its history, interwoven in part with others, and will be given here, before the personal story of Mary and Sanford is begun. I have confidence in the pedigree as her given. It is the result of close comparison and study of very old records, which are, however, as I am free to admit, brief and sometimes confused.

The name was originally Norman French, and was then St. Piere — (Saint Peter.) The first name-bearer was a devotee of Saint Peter, who had taken, it is supposed, some special vow or obligation before the shrine of the saint. The family were of noble blood. Their coat-of-arms showed two bend sable. It is an old escutcheon, showing some variation in different lines. They came to England at the Conquest, or soon after, and there the name quickly corrupted itself into Pierce or Pirce, written at first Piers or Perres.

The descendants of the younger sons of the family became reduced to the common rank. It is perhaps but a coincidence, yet it is worth noting, that William Langland who wrote the famous poem of “Piers the Plowman,” about 1362, locates his Piers of the remarkable visions in the Malvern Hills, on the Welsh border. The first glimpse we get of the line of Pierces we are trying to trace, is in North Wales about one hundred years after the date of the poem. [1]

In the Appendix it is told that a young woman of this Welsh Pierce family, prior to 1500, married an Ithell. Their son, Pierce Ithell, had a daughter Mary who married an Englishman, Richard Wardwell. One of the Wardwell’s sons married a Huguenot refugee’s daughter, Meirbe’ Lascelle.

The heads of this Huguenot family, Gershom and Meribe’ Lascelle, had another daughter whose name, as near as we can get at the original form, was Anteress, which would be pronounced An-te-ress, or An-te-race, with the accent on the last syllable. The name was handed down in the Pierce family for several generations, under the forms of Antrace, Antires, Anterace, or Ansutrass, and particularly as Antress and Anstress. This daughter with the odd name married a Pierce, whose baptismal name is unknown to us. We do know that he belonged to the same branch whose blood was in the Wardwell line into which Merib’ (Maribah,) the sister of Anteress, married.

The French blood thus brought into the Pierce family has markedly shown itself. The romantic and spectacular side of the Gallic character has tinged the whole blood of this line. An instance is the act of old Robert the Emigrant, who brought bread with him from England, bread that is yet preserved in his family, a memento as sacred as the Jewish shew bread of the altar itself. The Pierce of to-day has a French, imaginative, sentimental and reminiscent side to his character, however, practical he may be in other ways. Every pathetic or romantic episode in their history has been preserved, until their chronicler suffers from embarrassment of riches, so many and so varied are these anecdotes. The Lascelles, like so many French families, delighted in mellifluous and high-sounding names. More than any other branch of the family, the Pierces have preserved this peculiarity. In studying 200 years of early New England records, the Pierces led any other family whatever in original, peculiar and poetical names. Pardon, Preserved, Myell, Suthcote, Val, Backup, and Clothier, Bashabee, Barsha, Squier, and Lewis-Desabaye-Besayade are a few of these names that now occur to me. To this day the Pierces largely choose sentimental names for their offspring.

Anteress Pierce had quite a family. Almost certainly she had an Ebenezer, Thomas, Michael, and Azrikam, and probably an Edward and a Stephen. One of her younger children was a daughter who married ____ King. This daughter’s descendants continued the names of Thomas, Michael, Ebenezer and Edward for several generations. Her sons Thomas, William, John and Michael King came to America in 1635, and a great-grandson, John King the Buccaneer, came to R. I. in 1665, a child of 11 years. Buccaneer John was the great-grandfather of Mary King-Pierce herself. So that by her and Sanford Pierce’s marriage were united her remote Pierce-Ithell and Lascelle-Wardwell blood, and his Pierce and equally remote infusion of Lascelle blood. Each was of course of Greene blood also. So these several small trickles from the parent streams, re-united, became something of a current itself.

In the next generation a large number of allied families, Waites, Hills, Wardwells, Lazells (Lascelles), Slocums, Brownells, Kings and Pierces came to the Colonies, seeking religious freedom. From the early records, General Ebenezer Pierce’s careful Pierce genealogy, and from the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, it appears that the Pierces among these may be subdivided into several groups of presumable brothers, the first descendants in each group cousins to those of the others, and all of course grandchildren to Antress Pierce and her husband. Only one group concerns this history, save that Thomas Pierce of Woburn deserves mention as being the ancestor of President Pierce.

The group in which we are interested consists of four brothers — so the best authorities consider them — John the Patentee, Robert, Capt. William and Capt. Michael. Three of these were men of distinction in their day. They were grandsons of Anteress Pierce, and sons of Azrika Pierce and his wife Martha.2

Besides these are three, evidently closely related to them and believed to be a brother’s children. These are John the Emigrant, of Watertown, Daniel of Watertown and Newbury, and Richard of Rhode Island. It is thought these three were the sons of a Jeremiah, but of his name there is no absolute certainty.

Before passing on to Richard of Rhode Island’s line, let us glance at the history of his three then-famous uncles. John the Patentee, (who may have been an uncle instead of a brother to the others.) was a merchant of London. He was the owner of the historic Mayflower. An association of merchants, with John Pierce at their head, secured a patent in 1620 from the Virginia Company for the use of the Mayflower colonists, who then expected to settle in Virginia. When the Mayflower returned in the spring of 1621, with the news of the change of base, John Pierce obtained a new grant or patent to Plymouth Colony, dated June 1, 1621. He himself started for the new world in the shop Paragon, but it proved unseaworthy and put back. He then sent the patent on the ship Good Fortune, which reached Plymouth Nov. 11, 1621. In remained in London, ** 16 footnote follows **So say all authorities but one, I find no trace of him in America.]> but used his means and ships in building up the colony.

He put his brother — so Gen. Ebenezer Pierce styles him — Captain William Pierce as master of first one and another of his shops. A year from the time he first visited Plymouth, Captain William owned 13 slaves. Doubtless he owned many more as his fortunes increased. In a letter of 1638, which has been preserved, is this language:

“The ship Desire, Capt. William Pierce, returned from the West Indies after a 7-month voyage. The brought cotton, tobacco and negroes from Providence, [one of the West Indies islands,] and salt from Tortugas.” And yea a historian of those days speaks of him as “A godly man, and a most expert mariner!” Doubtless he was a good man, for these things did not trouble men’s consciences then.

Pope in history says that up to 1640 Capt. William crossed the ocean oftener than any man then moving. He made many voyages between England and Virginia or to the West Indies. Twice he essayed to go to Plymouth, but each time had to put back because of a leaky vessel. This was in 1621 and 1622. In 1623 he came in the Ann, in the Charity in 1624, in an unregistered ship in 1625, in the Mayflower in 1629, and in the Lyon or Lyon’s Whelp in 1630, 1631 and 1632, making seven voyages to Plymouth within ten years. He brought a great many of his kindred over in his ships, also Rev. Cotton, Roger Williams and other eminent men.

At first he lived in Virginia, where he had a plantation of 200 acres at James City. Here his first wife, Mrs. Jone (Jane) Pierce, died. She left a daughter Jane, who married Hohn Rolfe, the widower of Pocahontas, the Indian princess who saved Capt. John Smith’s life. In 1632 he removed to Boston. Here he was of great influence, and made for them their first Almanac in 1639. In 1641 he attempted to land a ship-load of colonists on the Island of Providence, one of the Bahamas. The inhabitants resisted the intrusion, and in the battle that followed he was shot, the 13th of May, 1641.

Captain Michael Pierce, the third prominent one of the brothers, was an Ensign under Captain Miles Standish. In 1669 he was made Captain. He was easily the greatest Indian fighter of the King Philip War. But close to Rehoboth, Mass., near the Pawtucket River, he was hemmed in by a host of red men, on March 26, 1676. He had only 52 white men with him and 11 friendly Indians. In the fearful massacre that followed only three of the sixty-three escaped. Thus dearly he sold his life on that Sabbath day’s fight, so long ago. The family of Richard (his nephew) have his battle handed down in their memories, and tradition could be no more positive than theirs that they are nearly related to him. Richard Pierce’s line was exceedingly proud of their near relationship to Captain Michael, and named after him for five generations.

Richard 5 the Emigrant3 , came to Massachusetts, probably about 1635. His wife was Elizabeth ____. Richard was one of those who thought the Massachusetts authorities exercised tyranny in religious matters. He accordingly went to Portsmouth, R. I., and became a Friend or Quaker. His descendants of the particular line we are tracing, went to Prudence Island, or Chippacursett, as the Indians called it. Together with the Hills, who were relatives, the Allens and Sanfords, they were the leading families of that island, until the Revolutionary War. The British in vain tried to buy hay or provision from the Prudence Island farmers. They were so stanch a band of patriots that not one would part with provender for the British army, even at double price.

An English officer attempted to overcome the scruples of Hon. John Allen, of this island. The Hon, John, who was hot-headed, exploded with wrath, and refused in a taunting way to have anything to do with the redcoats. Wallace, the British officer in command, in reprisal for the insult, sent troops with orders to burn every house, barn and haystack on the island, from end to end. The order was carried out to the letter. Allen’s family were thrust out in their night clothes, and of their household possessions saved only some silver teaspoons that Mrs. Allen snatched up as the soldiers drove her out, and thrust into her bosom. Samuel Pierce, Senior, great-grandson of Richard the Emigrant, and grandfather of the Sanford we are tracing, was turned out of doors also, his house, barn and hay burned, and his cattle taken. He left the island at once, and none of the family ever returned. He saved a few small articles in his flight, and they are yet kept as heirlooms, including some of the garments, a teapot with the date of its making, 1746, stamped on it.

Richard the Emigrant’s line were mostly seamen. In a hundred years’ time no less than six were sea captains, and as many were drowned at sea. They were all salve-holders. The records would indicate that, next to the Tripps, they were collectively the largest slave-holders in the colony. One reason was that many sailors habitually made trips to Africa, trading New England products for slaves and gold dust. These slaves cost them but a trifle, and they could afford to own plenty of them. Some of the family died on the African coast, on slaving expeditions. The brother of Captain Daniel in our tracing line being one of them.

The close of the seventeenth century were the balmy day of the Buccaneers, those sea rovers who made it a matter of conscience to despoil Spanish possessions, and take the booty captured for their own. Spain was a hated nation. So far from considering themselves pirates, those free-booting ancestors thought it a feather in their cap to board Spanish vessels, and to take Spanish towns in the West Indies. The Prudence Islands Pierces had their full share in all this.

The family soon lost their Quakerism. During the Revolutionary War 48 Pierces of R. I., nearly all lineal descendants of Richard, Senior, enlisted in the army. Not a few of them were officers.

Richard’s son, Richard Jr. 7 , had by his first wife Joyce, a son Daniel 8 . 4 This Daniel was married in 1708 to Patience (Patty) Hill, a distant cousin. Patience was the daughter of Johnathan Hill, the uncle of Ann and Susanna Hill who married “Wealthy” John Greene and Usal Greene. One of the oldest sons of Daniel and Patience Pierce was Samuel, Senior, whose house was burned by the British. In 1744 this Samuel married Hester or Eater Wiley. (The name is written both ways.) Their third son, Samuel, Jr., was born April 13, 1752. He married Olive Greene 5 , [Ebenezer 4 , Ebenezer 3 , John 2 , John 1 ]. As her grandmother was probably a Pierce, she was a cousin on the Pierce side and a very distant one on the Lascelle-Wardwell side.”

________________end of extract. Other sections of this chapter are shown under each individual._______

from the La Mance book, page 165:

…Their third son, Samuel, Jr., was born April 13, 1752. He married Olive Greene 5, [Ebenezer 4 , Ebenezer 3 , John 2 , John 1 ]. As her grandmother was probably a Pierce, she was a cousin on the Pierce side, and a very distant one on the Lascelle-Wardwell side.

Samuel and Olive lived mostly at Bristol, R. I. Here she died, July 14, 1786, in child-bed, at 35 years of age. The solid silver “name” spoon, an heirloom in the family, was doubtless presented to an Ebenezer Greene and Caleb Hill, the one the brother of Olive, the other Samuel’s great-uncle. It must always descend to an E. C. Pierce. The only sons that survived were Daniel, Caleb and Sanford. The last was evidently named for their fast friends, the Stanfords of Prudence Island. Sanford married his distant cousin, Molly King. [Deborah Greene-King 5 , James Greene 4 , John 3 , James 2 , John. 1 ]”

from the La Mance book, starting on page 165:

Sanford was the oldest child of Samuel Jr. and Olive Pierce. He was born May 10, 1773. His wife, Molly King-Pierce, was two years his senior, having been born June 29, 1771. They were married in West Greenwich, R. I., which was her home, probably about 1797. What was known as the Military Tracts of Northern New York had been thrown open to settlement on advantageous terms. After living in Mass. for about a year they went to this region and settled in Onondaga County, in that part of Pompey afterwards called Fabius. It had only been surveyed in 1794, and bears, panthers and wolves abounded. Deer were so plentiful that the settlers had venison as commonly as we now have beef. Here they remained for 24 years, then removed to a new settlement just being made at Palermo, in Otsego County. Ebenezer, their “home son,” having moved to Northern Indiana in 1837, Sanford and his wife went to him, and died at his home, — Mary (Molly) Sept 9, 1838, and Sanford June 29, 1849.

Mary, the wife, was a slender, petite woman, with a fair, expressive face and beautiful eyes. She had the quick wit and bright way of her French grandmother, Marie La Valley-King. She had her supersensitive, nervous organization as well. A shock left a mental cloud for some years upon her in the latter part of her life.

Sanford and Mary had five children, all of whom lived to marry. Catherine remained in N.Y. The others all moved to La Grange Co., Indiana, and died there.”

__________________end of extract

par of Ebenezer Pierce son of Sanford Pierce b 10 May 1773 d 29 Jun 1849 married 1797 to Mary (Molly) King was born 29 June 1771 d 9 Sep 1838. Sanford Pierce was the son of Samuel Pierce b 13 Apr 1752 Prudence Island and Olive Greene b 1751 West Greenwich RI d 1786 Bristol RI. Mary King was the daughter of Samuel King and Deborah Greene. Deborah and Olive Greene go back to John of Quidnessette through is sons James and (Lt) John Clark.

from the La Mance book, page 166:

He was born Oct 19, 1801. He taught school at Pompey Hill, the winter he was 19. The next spring the family moved to what is now Palerno, then an unbroken forest.* (*His mother, Mrs Pierce, rode on horseback, with a feather bed tied on behind her and carrying a baby in her arms. It was hardly as stylish a mode of traveling as a modern automobile jaunt, but it answered all purposes then.) Dec 29, 1821, he was one of the principals to a double wedding, when Rachel McQueen became his wife, and his sister Catherine became the wife of Ephraim McQueen. Four children were born to them in their little cabin in the clearing, Polly (Mary), Seymour, Atelia and Clark. Mrs. Rachel Pierce died Sept. 15, 1832, in her 31st year.

His second wife was Julia Arabella Collins, who was born May 26, 1816, in Windham Co. Vermont. She outlived her husband nearly thirty-eight years, dying in Saratoga Springs, N. Y., Oct. 26, 1902, in her 87th year. She was more than an ordinarily capable woman, level-headed and energetic always. She was a capital hand at rehearsing stories of pioneer life. It was as good as a novel to hear her relate, when the western fever attacked her husband, how in 1837 they made the overland trip from N. Y. to Northern Indiana, with some other families. They were seven weeks on the road. There were twenty-six in the company, three of them babes under three months old. On the way, sixteen of the twenty-six came down with the measles, to say nothing of a score of other haps and ills.

A log house was hastily built in the deep woods. Here this girlish wife watched over the brood of six little ones, and quaked in her shoes each time an Indian showed his dusky face. One time Schomack, the old Pottowatamie Chief, granted and patted Mrs. Julia on the shoulder, patronizingly complimenting her to her husband by repeating, “Nice squaw! Nice squaw!”

Once when Eben — the name her husband usually was called – was away from home, six Indians stalked into the house. They helped themselves to the bread in the bake-oven, and as they were not given anything else one of them shook his fist in the young wife’s face. She expected to be killed, but he made signs they would leave if she would give them what they took to be a piece of dried venison. She gave it to them. The first to taste it made a horrible face, while the others burst forth into derisive hoots. The supposed venison was dried beef’s gall, about the bitterest thing on the face of the earth.

Eben Pierce was a man of sound judgment and irreproachable life. He died of small-pox Jan 20, 1865, at his home near Wolcottville, Indiana.”

_____________end of extract

may be known as Franklin E. Pierce?

one record has birth date as 04 Jan 1837

from the La Mance book, page 169:

“Rev. Frank was ordained a Baptist minister in 1869, and preached for some years in Indiana and Vermont. Is not now in charge of any work, although he occasionally preaches. His home is at Ellendale, North Dakota. None of his children live there. “It almost takes a state for a child,” as their father says, as they are scattered in Indiana, Ohio, Iowa, Minn., and S. Dakota. …”

Froand married History of Providence County, Vol I & II
Ed. by Richard M. Bayles W.W. Preston & Co., NY. 1891
Biographical sketches, “Town of East Providence” Volume II

s. 172-73: Galen Pierce, son of Jeremiah and Candis (Wheeler) Pierce, was born in 1824 in Rehoboth, Mass., and was educated in the district schools. He was first employed as clerk in a grocery store for C. C. Godfrey in Providence, where he remained two years, and was for four years clerk for I. T. Tillinghast in same business, whom he afterward bought out and carried on the business for himself for 37 years at India Point. He came to East Providence about 1878, and was for a few years interested in the grocery business under the firm name of Pierce & Rich. After giving up the grocery business he was in the dry goods and shoe business three years, then retired and gave the business to his son, W. B. Pierce, who still carries it on. He has served in the town council. He married first Phebe Barney, of Providence. His present wife is Emily F., daughter of Samuel Wilmouth, of East Providence. His father was a carpenter by trade and carried on a large business for a number of years.

From Email: I saw your info on the Pierce, mainly the Sanford and Mary King Pierce. The LaMance Book did not have all her info right. It is right up into it come to Sanford father, His name was Samuel R. Pierce and he did married Olive Greene, but her father is not the Ebenezer in the book. Also Samuel R, Pierce is not the son of Samuel Pierce Sr. that married Hester Wiley. I’m not sure who their parents were, but I have evidence that those are not right. If you would like me to e-mail you the reason why they are not the ones I will be happy to do so. We need to get the word out because everyone is quoting from her book and the info is not right.

Note from Rootie: I often get information from others that claim that LaMance’s book was incorrect in places and I believe that to be true. I have quoted above directly from the book and it does not mean that I completely agree with all of the information. Another researcher, David Sanford is doing extensive research on the Pierce family also and I suggest you contact him if you are serious about learning more about this family.


Owens, William Mitchell (1810&ndash1890)

William Mitchell Owens (also referred to as Owen), physician, businessman, and state representative, was born in Buncombe, North Carolina, on November 16, 1810. He was the son of Abel and Elizabeth (Gooch) Owens. About 1815 Owens moved with his family to Missouri and settled in Lafayette County, where he studied and practiced medicine. On March 15, 1832, he married Delilah Rupe. De hadde tre barn. His wife died sometime after 1835, and on September 26, 1838, he married Sarah Ann Grooms in Clay County, Missouri. The couple had seven children.

Around 1845 Owens immigrated with his family to Texas and settled in Titus County. He remained there until about 1849 when he relocated to Georgetown in Williamson County and established himself as the town’s first doctor. Owens moved again in 1856, this time to Burnet County. Here he was an active and successful member of the community and won election to the Eighth Texas Legislature and represented Burnet and Williamson counties. He served in the Texas House from November 7, 1859, to November 4, 1861, and served on the Apportionment, Indian Affairs, and Public Buildings committees, as well as the Joint Committee on Indian Affairs. The 1860 census listed Owens as a physician, owning $2,000 worth of real estate, and his personal estate was worth $2,375. The household included his wife Sarah and seven children. Following the Civil War, in 1870, Owens settled in Round Rock, Williamson County, where he was a prominent local physician and businessman. The house where he and his family lived in Round Rock was declared a Texas Historical Landmark in 1982. Owens died on July 14, 1890, and was buried in Round Rock Cemetery.

Darrell Debo, Burnet County History (2 vols., Burnet, Texas: Eakin, 1979). William DeRyee and R.E. Moore, The Texas Album of the Eighth Legislature, 1860 (Austin: Miner, Lambert, and Perry, 1860). Jane H. DiGesualdo and Karen R. Thompson, Historical Round Rock, Texas (Austin: Eakin Press, 1985). &ldquoDr William Mitchell Owen,&rdquo Find A Grave Memorial (http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=40834649), accessed March 19, 2014. Legislative Reference Library of Texas: William Owens (http://www.lrl.state.tx.us/legeLeaders/members/memberDisplay.cfm?memberID=5133&searchparams=chamber=

Committee=), accessed March 19, 2014. OWEN-L Archives (http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/OWEN/1999-06/0928339012), accessed March 19, 2014.


III. Golden Dawn Minutiae

I will attempt to expand this section as possible, but will limit this information to material not easily found elsewhere.

Mythical Members:

Several books, such as Gilbert's Golden Dawn Companion and Kuntz's Golden Dawn Source Book, contain detailed lists of the members of the various historical Golden Dawn Temples. These have been taken from actual membership rolls and other primary source material. What might be interesting, though, is a list of famous people who have been claimed to be members of the Golden Dawn, but actually were not. This may help “set the record straight” and avoid the propagation of inaccuracies in new overviews and histories of the Golden Dawn.

It seems quite clear from the available reference material (but there is probably never 100 percent certainty) that the following people were NOT registered members of any Golden Dawn organization:


Se videoen: Ithell Colquhouns alchemical islands by Richard Shillitoe